Does Advertising Cause Materialism?

Considering the ubiquity of advertising in modern society, the immense interest it has drawn should come as no surprise. Central to this interest is the notion that advertising can transform not only the purchasing behavior of consumers but also the values that form the bedrock of society. The vast majority of this interest has been…

Business Angels: What We Should Know

Although business angels have existed in one form or another for centuries, thorough academic research on them wasn’t conducted until Seymour and Wetzel’s seminal study in 1981. Since then, researchers have been busy filling what became apparent was a serious gap in the knowledge of business angels’ backgrounds, investment interests, and behavioral patterns. This essay…

Foreign Influence in Egypt’s Revolution

The Arab Spring brought some immense changes to the Middle East – and Egypt’s revolution, occurring in perhaps the most influential country in the region, was singularly important in bringing about some deep shifts in the influences that shape the region. This paper examines how different countries in the region attempted to take advantage of…

Juries and Group Identity

Traditionally, economics has focused on the decisions and behavior of individuals who are assumed to be acting out of rational self-interest. Recent literature in experimental economics, however, suggests that to understand individual decisions one must also consider social identity – and how an individual perceives him or her self as part of a larger group.…

Nations and States in the Middle East

One of the key questions in studying nationalism is whether the state precedes the nation or vice versa. This question is critical not only because answering it provides important information on the nature of a particular nation, but also because it highlights the debate central to the study of nationalism – that is, the debate between…

The Role of the British Mandate in the Palestinian Defeat of 1948

One cannot possibly hope to undertake a study of the Middle East without discussing the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It became a serious issue of International concern only in 1948 – yet the discord between Palestinians and Israelis dates to much earlier. In 1948, when Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs went to war, the Palestinians were brutally…